Strong end to record-breaking year – but uncertainty ahead
As Big Ben’s bongs rang out, a record-breaking year for the residential housing market gave way to an uncertain New Year.
Completed transactions to November totalled 1.36 million, which means the number of homes sold in 2021 will reach levels not seen since before the global financial crisis. Persistently high demand and constrained supply have led buyers to snap up available properties: the average number of viewings held before an offer was accepted was just 13 in November 2021, according to Knight Frank, the lowest level since December 2020.
Savills expects this heightened activity to drop off slightly in 2022. The first few months are likely to be busy given that sales agreed remained at elevated levels in November, according to TwentyCi. However, Bank of England data shows that mortgage approvals have returned to pre-pandemic while the Institution for Chartered Surveyors data shows that supply has been falling since April 2021; a combination of factors which experts suggest could lead to leaner months ahead.
Government reacts to cladding crisis
The government has announced its long-awaited cladding plans in the form of a four-point plan and a three-word slogan, ‘Developers Must Pay’.
The plan includes:
- Starting the next phase of the Building Safety Fund to take dangerous cladding off high-rise buildings.
- Pursuing companies at fault to make them fix the buildings they built.
- Indemnifying building assessors from being sued and withdrawing old government advice on declaring buildings unsafe.
- Promising leaseholders living in their own flats that they will face no bills for fixing unsafe cladding.
The government has warned developers that if industry fails to take responsibility, it will ‘impose a solution in law.’
Secretary of State for Levelling Up, Michael Gove, said, “More than 4 years after the Grenfell Tower tragedy, the system is broken. Leaseholders are trapped, unable to sell their homes and facing vast bills. But the developers and cladding companies who caused the problem are dodging accountability… From today, we are bringing this scandal to an end”.
FTBs soar to 20-year high
The number of first-time buyers (FTBs) skyrocketed in 2021, with an estimated 408,379 people purchasing their first home during the year, according to Yorkshire Building Society (YBS).
This is a 35% year-on-year rise and the first time since before the global financial crisis that the number of FTBs has surpassed 400,000. Falling unemployment, low interest rates and low deposit mortgage deals have all helped to boost demand.
FTBs in high value areas also benefitted from the government’s Stamp Duty holiday, receiving additional relief on properties up to £500,000. Another pandemic bonus for FTBs was the larger deposits that many were able to save due to reduced expenditures during lockdowns.
Nitesh Patel, Strategic Economist at YBS, called the FTB market in 2021 “extraordinary”
“Low borrowing costs is an important factor and the increased availability of more low deposit mortgages has also been an enabler mostly for first-time buyers.”
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